The National Security Archive
Openness in Russia and Eastern Europe Project



    Thanks to the extraordinary efforts of scholars and archivists in Prague, Budapest, Warsaw, Moscow, Bucharest, Sofia and Washington, a wealth of new documentation has come to light in the course of this project that in many cases would certainly have stayed hidden for many years.  For example, hundreds of hours of taped meetings of the top-level Political Committee (Politburo) of the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Party from 1988-1989 have been transcribed and made public through the initiative of Csaba Békés and his colleagues at the 1956 Institute, as well as the good offices of state archival officials in Budapest.  At the Poland 1980-1982 conference, crucial new evidence on the question of Jaruzelski’s dealings with the Soviets appeared in the form of several pages of the personal diary of Lt. Gen. Viktor Anoshkin, an adjutant to Warsaw Pact Commander-in-Chief Viktor Kulikov.  In addition to new revelations, thousands of pages of other materials have been made available in English translation for the first time.1  All of these materials are accessible at the National Security Archive’s reading room at George Washington University’s Gelman Library.

 The following list of books and major document compilations by Openness partners feature some of the most important new materials now available from formerly closed archives in the region:
· The Hungarian Revolution, 1956: A Documentary History, Csaba Békés, Malcolm Byrne and János Rainer, eds., (Budapest: Central European University Press, forthcoming 2001).
· Uprising in East Germany, 1953: The Cold War, the German Question, and the First Major Upheaval behind the Iron Curtain, Christian F. Ostermann, ed., (Budapest: Central European University Press, 2001)
· Wejda Nie Wejda (Polish-language transcript of the conference “Poland 1980-1982: Internal Crisis, International Dimensions,” Jachranka–Warsaw, November 8-10, 1997), (Warsaw: “Aneks”, 1999)
· The Prague Spring ’68, Jaromír Navrátil et al, eds., with a Preface by Václav Havel, (Budapest: Central European University Press, 1998)
· “Briefing Book of Declassified Russian and U.S. Documents Prepared for the Mershon Center (Ohio State University) Conference on U.S.-Soviet Military and Security Relationships at the End of the Cold War, 1988-1991,” compiled by William Burr, Thomas Blanton, and Vladislav Zubok, October 15, 1999.
· “The Post-Stalin Succession Struggle and the 17 June 1953 Uprising in East Germany: The Hidden History,” edited by Christian F. Ostermann, November 10-12, 1996. 
· “The Hidden History of 1956: A Compendium of Declassified Documents,” edited by Csaba Békés, Malcolm Byrne and Christian F. Ostermann, September 26, 1996.
· “Cold War Endgame,” edited by Vladislav Zubok, (briefing book for a conference at Princeton University), March 29-30, 1996.
· “The Prague Spring 1968,” a compilation of excerpts from the forthcoming National Security Archive reader, prepared for the conference “Czechoslovakia and the World, 1968: The New Archival Evidence,” (see references above).


Uprising in East Germany, 1953
Shedding Light on a Major Cold War Flashpoint 

"Solidarity's Coming Victory: Big or Too Big?"
Poland's revolution as seen from the U.S. embassy


    Openness Project staff and partners have also published numerous articles encompassing the work of this joint activity in scholarly journals and the popular press, including:

o The Cold War International History Project Bulletin (U.S.)
o Diplomatic History (U.S.)
o Gazeta Wyborcza (Warsaw)
o German Studies Review (U.S.)
o The Hungarian Quarterly (Budapest)
o Istochnik (Moscow)
o Novaia i Noveishchaia Istoriya (Moscow)
o Otechestvennye Arkhivy (Moscow)
o Problems of Post-Communism (U.S.)
o Romania Libera (Bucharest)
o Soudobé Dejiny (Prague)
    The project’s activities have also generated widespread press coverage in the region and in major international publications such as The New York Times, The Washington Post, The International Herald Tribune, The Christian Science Monitor, and The New York Review of Books, as well as on National Public Radio in the United States.

1 Much of this work has been done either directly by The Cold War International History Project -- and published in its unique Bulletin -- or through generous funding by CWIHP as part of its ongoing contribution to the Openness Project.

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